Latest Posts

How to Cope with Secondary Infertility

September 17, 2018 12:29 pm

The inability for a couple to conceive a child, despite already having had at least one baby in the past, either together or with a previous partner, is called secondary infertility. This shares many of the same causes as primary infertility and can result in an equal amount of emotional turmoil.  It can come as a shock to couples who had no problems conceiving in the past to then experience secondary infertility, but it’s not uncommon. We’d like to offer some advice to help those who are struggling with secondary infertility. Accept Your Emotions Frustration, depression, shame and even guilt are common among parents struggling to grow their family, amongst a variety of other difficult emotions. It’s important not to... View Article

egg cell

What is an Antral Follicle Count?

September 3, 2018 11:10 am

When a woman is born, she has all the eggs she will ever have; they are gradually lost until menopause, when very few are left and they are not released. Put simply, an antral follicle count indicates how many proto-eggs a woman produces each month, as well as their quality, to reveal her fertility potential. As well as age, this type of test is one of the easiest ways to determine the likelihood of successful fertility treatment. What are Antral Follicles? Antral follicles are found in the ovaries. They are a fluid filled sac, measuring roughly 2-9mm in diameter, containing an immature egg. Once they reach a certain age in a month, antral follicles can be measured and counted during... View Article

time of day

When is the Best Time to Produce a Sperm Sample?

August 27, 2018 12:07 pm

According to research carried out on sperm samples at the University Hospital of Zurich in Switzerland, the time of day and year the sperm was produced affects the quality of the sample. The study analysed 12,245 semen samples from over 7000 men, between 1994 and 2015, and considered factors such as sperm concentration, progressive motility, sperm shape and total sperm count. It is important to note that the causes of the following discrepancies are not certain, particularly as there was limited data on the late evening when sexual activity tends to be at its highest. Samples collected between the hours of 5am and 7.30am were found to display a statistically higher sperm concentration, total sperm count and a greater percentage... View Article

What’s Involved in Intrauterine Insemination?

August 20, 2018 9:03 am

Intrauterine Insemination (IUI), or Artificial Insemination, is a type of fertility treatment that involves the direct insertion of sperm into a woman’s womb (uterus) using a thin catheter. The main purpose of Intrauterine Insemination is to increase the number of sperm that reach the fallopian tubes, thus increasing the chances of fertilisation. It is a very low risk procedure. The process is usually performed just before ovulation and takes around 10 minutes. It is normally pain free, although you may experience some minor cramping, not dissimilar to period pains. Before the insertion, the semen is prepared in a lab to ensure only the best quality sperm is used. Semen contains more than just sperm, so it has to be “washed”... View Article

Sperm Counts – Why They Are Falling

August 13, 2018 11:37 am

A recent article in the Times newspaper by journalist Harry Wallop featured Concept’s Medical Director, Dr Kamal Ojha in a fascinating investigation into  male fertility. Data shows that in this modern world, fertility is dropping at an alarming rate (see previous news items on Concept’s website). A study cited in the article coming from the Hebrew University in Jerusalem states that sperm counts have dramatically reduced from 92.2 million sperm per millilitre, to just 66.4 million. Dr Ojha suggests a few possible causes of this terrifying drop in sperm count: obesity, smoking, plastics, preservatives and even soy. Is nothing safe anymore? One might be reminded of the comically unending list, written by the Daily Mail, of substances that cause cancer... View Article

What to Look for in a Private Fertility Clinic

July 27, 2018 1:21 pm

When you’re eager to have a baby but you’re struggling to conceive naturally, it can be tempting to contact the first fertility clinic you stumble across and proceed with treatment as quickly as possible. However, when you’re spending a lot of money, it’s important to ensure you’re investing your money wisely. We’d like to help you understand what you should be looking for when seeking a private fertility clinic. Just remember, a little research goes a long way! Factors to Consider When Choosing a Fertility Clinic: Are You Eligible? At Concept Fertility, we do not exclude patients who have a lower than average probability of a successful pregnancy. In other words, if our patients have a chance of success we... View Article

Male Fertility and ICSI

July 18, 2018 9:40 pm

Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection) is a procedure whereby a single sperm cell is injected into an egg cell. In natural conditions, the sperm would use chemicals located in the head to bore through the egg’s “shell”. It is technically an IVF procedure as it is performed ‘in vitro’ (literally means ‘in glass’, contextually it means ‘within a test tube’). As you may have gathered, ICSI should mostly be used in cases where it is the male who is subfertile. The procedure of injecting a sperm into an egg bypasses the natural process. This procedure was perfected quite recently, with the first human pregnancy generated by ICSI being in 1991. It brought with it a revolution in the... View Article

Why Should I Consider Freezing My Eggs?

July 13, 2018 10:09 am

As you age, the likelihood that you will naturally conceiving a child reduces because the number and quality of your eggs drops. Egg freezing, therefore, is a fantastic option if you wish to preserve your fertility and, in some ways, stop the biological clock. There are various reasons why you might consider having your eggs frozen.  Here are a few: You might not feel ready to start a family but would like to in the future. Perhaps you would prefer to focus on other aspects of your life at present, such as your career or education, or you haven’t found ‘Mr Right’. You might be undergoing treatment for an illness such as cancer, which will likely affect your fertility. You... View Article

Can Traumatic Memories Be Passed on in Human Sperm?

July 3, 2018 12:20 pm

A recent study involving men who experienced early life trauma has displayed surprising results. It involved 28 Caucasian men, all of whom had experienced some form of abuse or neglect as a child. The results suggest that as the amount of early trauma increased amongst participants, so did the reduction in microRNAs. This is an example of the type of information found on the internet that should not be taken at face value. Psychologists have known for a long time that traumatic experiences can lead to behavioural problems in offspring, but there has been little understanding as to why. With only 28 participants, the results of this research are inconclusive and could simply be coincidental. For example, the participants could... View Article


How Does Age Affect Male Fertility?

June 25, 2018 11:19 am

With regards to fertility, women have always had a clear cut-off point, commonly known as the menopause. Men, on the other hand, have never been given a rough age in which they will no longer be able to conceive a child. As a result, research surrounding the topic is fairly sparse. At a recent event dedicated exclusively to male fertility, the topic of age was addressed. The first speaker at the event was Professor Allan Pacey from the University of Sheffield. He pointed out the lack of data surrounding the matter and discussed a study from the year 2000, which focussed on 8500 couples and suggested that men under 25 were significantly more fertile than men over 40. It has... View Article