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Endometriosis

October 10, 2012 8:21 am

What is Endometriosis? The normal endometrium Endometriosis takes its name from the lining of the womb, which is called the endometrium.  The endometrium forms the uterine lining in which the early embryo implants.  It is the most dynamic of all tissue in the body, as it is shed each month and then completely regrows. At the beginning of the female monthly cycle the endometrium responds mainly to oestrogen and rapidly proliferates, thickens and becomes receptive for embryo implantation.  The endometrium is maintained in this state by progesterone in the second half of the cycle.  If pregnancy does not occur, progesterone levels fall and the endometrium disintegrates and bleeding occurs, and then the cycle begins again.  Displaced endometrial tissue in the... View Article